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如何在Windows中进行完整系统备份

Keeping backup copies of your files and important documents is essential for ensuring that you don't lose them if your hard drive fails or becomes inaccessible for any reason. However, doing backup of only the important files means that you won't get back the rest of the files and folders on your system if something happens to your hard drive. These files and folders which haven't been backed up would be lost forever and you will have to recreate them all over again. One method that can be used to solve this issue is to make a full system backup. Such a backup will create backup copies of all the files and folders on your system, ensuring that you can restore all of it back in case of hard drive failure.

Part 1: What is Full System Backup?

Full system backup is the name given to a type of backup in which every file and folder present on the system gets backed up, leaving out nothing. This backup takes a great deal of time to complete and also occupies a considerable space on your backup storage device. Each time a full backup is made, all of the files get backed up again even if they haven't been changed since the last backup. The good thing is that the backup copies of all the files and folders will be kept in a single file. So, restoring them would be a fairly simple task. Moreover, the full system backup ensures that none of the files is lost if the hard drive dies. This type of backup is usually done once a week and is paired up with incremental or differential backups.

Part 2: How to Make a Full System Backup in Windows

Windows offers a "Backup and Restore" utility which can be used for making a full system backup with considerable ease. The following are the steps that need to be performed in order to make a full backup of the system in Windows.

Step 1: Right-click on any local drive and then click the Properties option in the menu that appears. When the Properties window opens, select the tab labeled Tools and then click the "Back up Now" button.

full system backup in Windows

Step 2: Initiate the backup process by clicking the "Set up backup" link in the Backup and Restore window.

full system backup in Windows-2

Step 3: Choosing the network location or drive for storing the backup file is the next step. You can choose to either let Windows decide which drive to store the backup in or select the location yourself. Do remember that choosing a network location for backup storage requires a password.

full system backup in Windows

Step 4: Selecting the files and folders which are to be backed up is the next step. You are provided two options here, "Let Windows choose" and "Let me choose". Since you want to make a full system backup, you need to select the "Let me choose" option.

full system backup in Windows

Step 5: Select all of the folders and files on the system in the window that appears next. Do remember to tick the box present in front of the "Include a system image of local drive" option.

full system backup in Windows

Step 6: In the next step Windows will ask you to take a look at the backup settings. You need to make sure that all of the files on the system have been included in the backup before running the backup.

full system backup in Windows

Step 7: Before running the full backup, assign a schedule for it so that future backups can be automatically created at your desired time and day on a routine basis.

full system backup in Windows

Step 8: Click the button labeled "Save settings and run backup" to kick off the backup process. You can see the backup progress in the Backup and Restore panel.

full system backup in Windows

Step 9: Click the "View Details" button located right next to the progress bar to see which of the files are being backed up at that particular moment.

full system backup in Windows

Step 10: Full system backup can take a great deal of time to complete. Once the backup is done, the backup file will appear in the backup storage location of your choice.

full system backup in Windows

Part 3: What Are Advantages and Disadvantages of Full Backup?

A full backup of the system can prove to be quite beneficial for you especially if you don't like reinstalling everything when you have to replace a dead hard drive. The other advantages that can be availed using this type of backup are:

While the full system backup seems to have a lot of benefits to offer to the users, it also has certain downsides as well. The following are some of the disadvantages of making a full backup.

Part 4: The Best Full Backup Software - AOMEI Backupper Pro

Although the Windows Backup and Restore feature can help you make a full backup, but if you want a quicker and simpler full backup, AOMEI Backupper Professional full backup software may be your choice. With it, you can not only create full backups for the entire system, but also back up newly added or changed files through incremental or differential backup options. As we can see, some of its features are as follows:

data backup
  • Allows you to take automatic, full, incremental and differential backups of system, disk, partition and files.
  • Supports system restore, disk restore, dissimilar hardware restore, partition restore and selective file restore.
  • Supports disk clone, partition/volume clone, flexible clone, system clone and command line clone.
  • Supports Windows 10, Windows 8.1/8, Windows 7, Vista, and XP (all editions, 32/64-bit)
  • 保留文件和重要文档的备份副本对于确保在硬盘驱动器出现故障或因任何原因无法访问时不会丢失它们至关重要。但是,仅备份重要文件意味着如果硬盘驱动器出现问题,您将无法恢复系统中的其余文件和文件夹。这些尚未备份的文件和文件夹将永远丢失,您必须重新创建它们。可用于解决此问题的一种方法是进行完整系统备份。这样的备份将创建系统上所有文件和文件夹的备份副本,确保您可以在硬盘驱动器发生故障时恢复所有文件和文件夹。

    第1部分:什么是完整系统备份?

    完整系统备份是一种备份类型的名称,其中系统中存在的每个文件和文件夹都会被备份,而不会遗漏任何内容。此备份需要大量时间才能完成,并且在备份存储设备上占用相当大的空间。每次进行完整备份时,即使自上次备份后尚未更改,所有文件也会再次备份。好处是所有文件和文件夹的备份副本将保存在一个文件中。因此,恢复它们将是一项相当简单的任务。此外,完整的系统备份可确保在硬盘驱动器死机时不会丢失任何文件。此类备份通常每周进行一次,并与增量备份或差异备份配对。

    第2部分:如何在Windows中进行完整系统备份

    Windows提供了“备份和还原”实用程序,可以非常轻松地进行完整的系统备份。以下是在Windows中对系统进行完整备份时需要执行的步骤。

    步骤1:右键单击任何本地驱动器,然后单击出现的菜单中的“属性”选项。打开“属性”窗口后,选择标记为“工具”的选项卡,然后单击“立即备份”按钮。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤2:单击“ 备份和还原”窗口中的“设置备份”链接,启动备份过程。

    Windows-2中的完整系统备份

    步骤3:下一步是选择用于存储备份文件的网络位置或驱动器。您可以选择让Windows决定存储备份的驱动器,也可以自己选择位置。请记住,为备份存储选择网络位置需要密码。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤4:选择要备份的文件和文件夹是下一步。这里提供了两个选项,“让Windows选择”和“让我选择”。由于您要进行完整系统备份,因此需要选择“让我选择”选项。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤5:在下一个出现的窗口中选择系统上的所有文件夹和文件。请记住勾选“包含本地驱动器的系统映像”选项前面的框。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤6:在下一步中,Windows将要求您查看备份设置。在运行备份之前,您需要确保系统中的所有文件都已包含在备份中。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤7:在运行完整备份之前,为其分配一个计划,以便可以在您希望的时间和日期自动创建将来的备份。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤8:单击标记为“保存设置并运行备份”的按钮以启动备份过程。您可以在“备份和还原”面板中查看备份进度。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤9:单击进度条旁边的“查看详细信息”按钮,查看在该特定时刻正在备份哪些文件。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    步骤10:完整系统备份可能需要大量时间才能完成。备份完成后,备份文件将显示在您选择的备份存储位置。

    Windows中的完整系统备份

    第3部分:完全备份的优点和缺点是什么?

    系统的完整备份可以证明对您非常有益,特别是如果您不想在必须更换死硬盘时重新安装所有内容。使用此类备份可以使用的其他优点包括:

    • 由于单个备份文件包含系统中存在的文件和文件夹的所有备份副本,因此恢复将变为一个快速简便的过程。
    • 管理完整备份的不同版本并不困难。

    虽然完整系统备份似乎为用户提供了很多好处,但它也有一些缺点。以下是进行完整备份的一些缺点。

    • 完全备份需要花费大量时间,因为每次进行备份时系统上的每个文件都会备份,无论是否在此期间进行了更改。
    • 它占用备份驱动器上的大量空间,因为重复存储相同文件的克隆,导致存储空间的低效使用。

    第4部分:最佳完整备份软件 - AOMEI Backupper Pro

    虽然Windows备份和还原功能可以帮助您进行完整备份,但如果您想要更快更简单的完整备份,可能是您的选择AOMEI Backupper Professional完整备份软件。有了它,您不仅可以为整个系统创建完整备份,还可以通过增量备份或差异备份选项备份新添加或更改的文件。我们可以看到,它的一些功能如下:

    数据备份
    • 允许您对系统,磁盘,分区和文件进行自动,完整,增量和差异备份。
    • 支持系统还原,磁盘还原,不同硬件还原,分区还原和选择性文件还原。
    • 支持磁盘克隆,分区/卷克隆,灵活克隆,系统克隆和命令行克隆。
    • 支持Windows 10,Windows 8.1 / 8,Windows 7,Vista和XP(所有版本,32/64位)

    进行完整系统备份可确保在硬盘驱动器发生故障时恢复系统上的所有文件。但是,请记住,即使此类备份更易于管理和还原,它们也会占用大量备份存储空间,并且需要大量时间才能完成。因此,虽然备份数据非常重要,但您还必须记住可用的备份存储空间以及时间因素。但是,如果您的硬盘被病毒感染或由于硬件问题而完全失败,那么不备份您的数据很可能会导致其丢失。

     

Making a full system backup can ensure restoration of all the files on the system in the event of a hard drive failure. However, do keep in mind that even though such backups are easier to manage and restore, they take up a great deal of backup storage space and require a lot of time to complete. So, while backing up data is very important, it is also necessary that you keep in mind the backup storage space available as well as the time factor. But, not backing up your data is highly likely to result in its loss if your hard drive gets infected by a virus or fails altogether because of a hardware issue.

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